Many couples that have difficulty conceiving through natural methods choose to undergo various fertility treatments to increase their chances of becoming pregnant. One of the most popular medications used to heighten fertility is Clomid. Used for over 30 years to help induce and regulate ovulation, Clomid is often highly successful at producing a pregnancy. If you and your partner are experiencing troubles conceiving, you may want to ask your fertility specialist about this medication.
What is Clomid?
Clomid is a fertility medication that is used to induce ovulation. Known as clomiphene citrate, the drug is sold under the brand names Clomid and Serophene, and is available throughout the United Kingdom. Specifically, Clomid works to stimulate a woman’s ovaries to mature an increased number of follicles every month. Because Clomid increases the number of mature follicles in the ovaries, the drug also increases the likelihood of ovulation and pregnancy.
How Does Clomid Work?
Clomid works by acting on a number of different receptors in the body that regulate hormone production and release. In particular, Clomid works to increase the amount of three hormones involved in the ovulation process, including:
- gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
- luteinizing hormone (LH)
- follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Clomid essentially tricks the body into believing that it has lowered levels of estrogen. As a result, the brain begins to secrete increased levels of GnRH, which, in turn, stimulates the release of FSH and LH. These hormones then trigger the ovaries to begin to mature more follicles.
What is Clomid Prescribed For?
Clomid is generally prescribed for couples facing female infertility, including:
- irregular menstruation
Clomid is also used to increase the number of follicles available for IVF treatment procedures.
Clomid is taken orally on specific days of your menstrual cycle. Depending upon your fertility clinic, you may be asked to take Clomid on Days 3-7 of your cycle, or Days 5-9 of your cycle. Dosages usually begin at 50 mg. Most women continue on this dosage for a cycle or two. If there is no improvement in ovulation, the dosage can be increased to a maximum of 200 mg per day.
Clomid is normally taken for a maximum of six cycles, after which use will be discontinued if it proves ineffective and another type of infertility treatment will be recommended. Occasionally, Clomid will be combined with additional hormonal medications.