A common fear of parents is that their child will be born with a genetic defect. Donors, however, are usually extensively checked for any signs of physical and genetic abnormalities.
As a result, the chances of your child being affected by genetic problems caused by a donor are significantly reduced. However, they cannot be completely eliminated.
Unlike donor sperm, which is frozen and quarantined for at least six months, donor eggs are not frozen. This is because the freezing technique for eggs has yet to be perfected; in fact, freezing eggs typically damages the egg making it unusable.
Therefore, fresh eggs must be used when you opt for donor eggs. Some infections, like HIV, may not produce a positive result until months after the infection, which means, although a donor may be tested, there is still a chance that she, and her eggs, could have a serious infection.
Other risks associated with this procedure include those associated with the IVF process itself as well as the chance of miscarriage if your body does not respond to the embryo. Furthermore, because two to three embryos are transferred, your risk of a multiple pregnancy occurring is increased.
Research has shown that there is about a 48% to 50% chance of conceiving using donor eggs. For women above the age of 40, who in general have a lower quality and quantity of eggs, the chances of conceiving with a donor egg is five times more than with their own eggs.
In the UK, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Association (HFEA) is the body that governs the working of fertility treatment centres and clinics.
Because of the highly emotional situation that can arise when using a donor, the HFEA has outlined numerous strict rules regarding the use of donor eggs.
According to the HFEA, only licensed clinics can undertake egg donation. A donor has the right to remain anonymous and she does not have any parental right to any children conceived through her donated eggs.
However, a child may know about the identity of the donor by contacting the HFEA. Apart from these, there are many other laws enforced by the HFEA to allow the donor as well as the recipient a safe donation process.
According to the HFEA, donors should not make any profit from their donation and therefore should just be compensated for their time and travel expenses. However, in the U.S., donors can be paid and may earn anywhere from $2500 to $5000 per egg donation.
If you are planning on using a donor, you should expect budget anywhere from â‚¤6,500 to â‚¤8,000 for your treatment. This will include your appointments and check-ups, tests, fertility drugs, cost for donor eggs, IVF, and follow-up.