Removing the Mirena Coil
Why Mirena Works
There\'s great truth to the concept that what works for one person may not work for another. With all of the different methods of birth control available today, a woman has a broad spectrum to choose from - and should look for the best method for her personal lifestyle and body\'s response. Some women prefer the pill while others eschew it completely. Some women swear by IUDs, and many of those women are users of the Mirena IUS (intrauterine system), which uses a coil that is equipped with a progestogen to help prevent pregnancy.
According to Drugs.com, the Mirena coil works to prevent pregnancy by causing the cervical mucus to thicken, giving the sperm a much harder trek to fertilize the egg. It also causes changes in the uterine lining that make it hard for a fertilized egg to implant and grow. After a period of five years, the manufacturers recommend the Mirena be removed from the uterus by a health care professional. There can be some unpleasant side effects to the removal process, even though the company advises that removal is usually quite painless.
Removing the Mirena Coil - Painless?
The Mirena coil has a couple of threads attached to it that remain in the vagina, outside the cervix, once the IUD is inserted. When the time comes to remove the Mirena, the doctor will grasp the threads with forceps and pull the device from the uterus. The Mirena is T-shaped when it is in place; however, when the strings are pulled, the arms fold down and it is pulled from position. This action can cause pain and discomfort, often leaving residual cramping once it is dislocated from the uterus. It is suggested that removing the coil during menstruation, when the cervix is somewhat softened, makes the removal easier and less painful. If severe or sharp pains or persistent cramping occurs it should be reported to a health care professional. This could signal a pregnancy or some other serious complication.
The Risks to a Pregnancy with Mirena
Since no method of birth control outside of abstinence is 100% effective, some women who use the Mirena IUD will become pregnant. Should this happen, a possible end may be a septic abortion (infection in the uterus while pregnant), which is a leading cause of maternal death worldwide. If pregnancy does occur, the coil should be removed, which may cause a miscarriage. On the other hand, not removing the coil may cause a miscarriage as well. It also increases the risk of infection, premature labor and premature delivery. If the Mirena remains in the uterus as a pregnancy progresses, the long term effects on the unborn baby are unknown. Since the Mirena releases synthetic hormones into the uterus, there is a definite possibility of birth defects and health problems for a baby.