The Mirena Coil and Endometriosis

Endo Is An Elusive Disease

Endometriosis continues to elude the medical profession as the cause of it remains a mystery. Treatment is a constant source of debate both among the medical communities and women who have the disease. Trying to find a cure for a disease that can\'t be nailed down is, at best, like nailing jello to a wall. Nothing really sticks and while one treatment may bring some relief to a woman, another may do nothing at all.

Depending upon the severity of the disease, treatment options run the gamut from observation to hormone medications, to surgery and any type of combination in between. The primary aim of all of the various treatments is to offer relief from the key symptoms of endometriosis which include:

· abdominal pain before and during menses

· pain with intercourse

· chronic pelvic pain

· low back pain

· heavy and/or irregular periods

· pain during bowel movements, particularly during menses

· pain with urination during menstruation

· fatigue

· infertility

· diarrhea or constipation

· headaches and fever

· depression or anxiety

· hypoglycemia

· allergies and infections

As endometriosis develops, the immune system becomes compromised and further health issues result. Adhesions grow in the pelvic cavity that glue pelvic organs together. These are the source of much of the pain, infertility, bowel constrictions and digestive problems women with endometriosis endure.

Treating Endometriosis

Endometriosis is the growth of the endometrium (uterine lining) outside of the uterus. Estrogen is critical to the growth of this tissue in preparation for pregnancy. When there is no fertilization of an egg during a cycle, estrogen levels drop and the endometrium is shed. The aim of some treatments for endometriosis is to curtail the production of estrogen in order to starve the growths. One way to achieve this is with hormone therapy - and one of the hormones that is effective is progesterone. Progesterone causes endometrial growths to shrink and also prevents ovulation, which also lowers the estrogen levels.

The Mirena Coil and Endometriosis

Enter the Mirena coil - a small plastic T-shaped intrauterine device that is being used more frequently to treat women with endometriosis. It contains a slow release progesterone-like substance called progestogen, which is released over a period of five years. The active ingredient in the Mirena is levonorgestrel.

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